G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (2024)

Minor scales have a dark and mysterious sound that is used to create tension and emotion in music. They’re essential scales to learn for composers and musicians, but they can be a bit confusing as there are three different types.

In this post, we’re going to be exploring the natural, melodic, and harmonic forms of G minor scale. So, if you’re ready to dive into the key of G minor, let’s get started!

Table of Contents

G Natural Minor Scale

The first form of G minor that we will look at is the natural minor scale.

It’s made up of seven notes starting on G (which is known as the keynote). It then follows the natural minor scale formula of whole and half steps.

This gives us the notes: G A Bb C D Eb F

As you can see, it has two flat notes: Bb and Eb

G Natural Minor Scale in the Treble Clef

Here are all the notes of G natural minor scale in the treble clef, ascending and descending.

G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (1)
G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (2)

G Natural Minor Scale in the Bass Clef

Next up, we have G natural minor scale in the bass clef, ascending and descending.

G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (3)
G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (4)

G Natural Minor Scale in the Alto Clef

The least common of all the clefs, here we have G natural minor scale in the Alto clef, ascending and descending.

G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (5)
G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (6)

G Natural Minor Scale in the Tenor Clef

And finally, here are all the notes of G natural minor scale in the tenor clef, ascending and descending.

G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (7)
G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (8)

Natural Minor Scale Formula

The natural minor scale, like every other type of scale, is constructed by using a certain combination of intervals between each note.

The formula, using whole steps and half steps, is:

Whole step, half step, whole step, whole step, half step, whole step, whole step.

This is abbreviated toW W H W W W H.

G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (9)

Using the British terminology of tones and semitones, this would be:

Tone, semitone, tone, tone, semitone, tone, tone.

Which gets abbreviated toT S T T S T T.

G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (10)

G Harmonic Minor Scale

The next form of G minor scale we’ll look at is the G harmonic minor, which is slightly different from the natural minor in that it has a raised 7th note.

So, the notes in G harmonic minor are: G A Bb C D Eb F#

Like G natural minor, it also has two flats, (Bb and Eb), but, notice that the seventh note is raised from an F to F#.

G Harmonic Minor Scale in the Treble Clef

First, let’s look at G harmonic minor scale in the treble clef, ascending and descending.

G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (11)
G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (12)

G Harmonic Minor Scale in the Bass Clef

Next, we have G harmonic minor ascending and descending in the bass clef.

G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (13)
G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (14)

G Harmonic Minor Scale in the Alto Clef

The least common of all the clefs, here we have G harmonic minor ascending and descending in the alto clef.

G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (15)
G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (16)

G Harmonic Minor Scale in the Tenor Clef

And now we have G harmonic minor in the tenor clef, ascending and descending.

G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (17)
G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (18)

Hamonic Minor Scale Formula

The natural minor scale, like every other type of scale, is constructed by using a certain combination of intervals between each note.

The formula, using whole steps and half steps, is:

Whole step, half step, whole step, whole step, half step, whole and a half step, half step.

This is abbreviated toW H W W H WH H.

G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (19)

Using the British terminology of tones and semitones, this would be:

Tone, semitone, tone, tone, semitone, tone and a semitone, semitone.

Which gets abbreviated toT S T T S TS S.

G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (20)

G Melodic Minor Scale

And the last type of minor scale we’ll look at is G melodic minor scale. This one is a bit different from the others, though.

When it’s ascending, it’s different from the natural in that its 6th and 7th notes are raised.

This gives us the notes: G A Bb C D E F#

But, when descending, the 6th and 7th notes are flattened.

This means that it’s the same as the natural minor scale when descending, giving us the notes: F Eb D C Bb A G

G Melodic Minor Scale in the Treble Clef

Let’s take a look at G melodic minor scale in the treble clef, ascending and descending.

G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (21)
G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (22)

G Melodic Minor Scale in the Bass Clef

Next up, let’s take a look at G melodic minor scale ascending and descending in the bass clef.

G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (23)
G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (24)

G Melodic Minor Scale in the Alto Clef

Now we have G melodic minor scale in the alto clef, ascending and descending.

G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (25)
G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (26)

G Melodic Minor Scale in the Tenor Clef

And here’s G melodic minor scale in the tenor clef, ascending and descending.

G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (27)
G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (28)

What is the Key Signature of G Minor?

To make playing in a certain key easier for the musician to read, we can use a key signature.

This helps us know to play certain notes sharp or flat without having to read an accidental each time.

G minor has the same key signature as Bb major, which has two flats in its key signature: Bb and Eb

Here’s the key signature for G minor in the treble, alto, tenor, and bass clefs.

G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (29)

What is the Relative Major Scale of G Minor?

Every minor scale has a relative major scale, and every major one has a relative minor one. But what is the relative major scale of G minor?

The relative major scale of G minor is Bb major.

Here is Bb major scale, which uses all the same notes as G natural minor but starts on Bb, which is its keynote: Bb C D Eb F G A

G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (30)
G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (31)

But how do we know that Bb major is the relative major scale of G minor?

Well, to work out the relative major key of a minor one, all we have to do is go up three half steps (semitones).

So from G, we go up one half step to Ab, a second half step to A, and a third half step to Bb: G > Ab > A> Bb

To learn more about the relative major of G minor, see our guide to B-Flat major scale here.

Conclusion

That’s it for our guide to the scale of G minor! We hope it helped make a bit more sense of everything.

Feel free to use this post as a reference and let us know if you have any other questions.

G Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (2024)

FAQs

What is the G natural harmonic minor scale? ›

G Harmonic Minor Scale

The harmonic minor scale raises the seventh note of the natural minor scale by a half-step, when ascending and descending the scale. For example, the notes of the G natural minor scale are G – A – B♭- C – D – E♭- F – G. For the G harmonic minor scale, the notes are G – A – B♭- C – D – E♭- F# – G.

What is the G minor melodic minor scale? ›

The G melodic minor scale is a seven-note scale consisting of the notes G, A, B♭, C, D, E, and F♯. The scale corresponds to the G natural minor scale with the sixth and seventh degree raised a half step.

How to remember the difference between harmonic and melodic minor scales? ›

Unlike the harmonic minor scale, where the distance between the sixth and seventh scale degrees is a step-and-a-half (three half-steps), the melodic minor scale, with its raised 6th, brings us back to the common whole-step/half-step type of scale structure.

What is the pattern of the G harmonic minor scale? ›

The G harmonic minor scale ascending is G, whole step to A, a half step to Bb, a whole step to C, a whole step to D, a half step to Eb, one and a half steps to F sharp, and a half step to G.

What are the notes in G minor scale? ›

G minor is a minor scale based on G, consisting of the pitches G, A, B♭, C, D, E♭, and F.

What is the difference between harmonic minor and natural minor? ›

The harmonic minor scale (or Aeolian ♯7 scale) has the same notes as the natural minor scale except that the seventh degree is raised by one semitone, creating an augmented second between the sixth and seventh degrees.

What is the rule for a melodic minor scale? ›

To convert a natural minor scale into melodic minor, raise both the sixth and seventh notes by a semitone. For example, to convert C Natural Minor into C Melodic Minor, simply raise the Ab and Bb a half step to A and B.

Is G minor the same as B-flat major? ›

The relative minor of B♭ major is G minor. Both the B♭ major scale and the G minor scale share the same key signature, which has two flats: B♭ and E♭. You can find the relative minor scale by starting on the sixth note of the major scale, which, in this case, is G.

How to identify a natural minor scale? ›

In music theory, a natural minor scale is a seven-note musical scale characterized by a minor third scale degree (also known as a flat third), a minor sixth scale degree (or flat sixth), and a minor seventh scale degree (or flat seventh).

How do you memorize a harmonic minor scale? ›

Luckily, it's not too hard to remember—just raise the 7th note of the natural minor scale by a half-step.

How do you identify melodic and harmonic intervals? ›

A melodic interval describes the distance between two pitches that are sounded one after another (as in a melody). A harmonic interval describes the distance between two pitches that are sounded together, at the same time (as in harmony).

What is the difference between G harmonic minor and G minor? ›

Harmonic minor scales follow the key signature of the relative major key and raise the seventh note of the scale by one half-step. The relative major key of G minor is B-flat major and the seventh note of G minor is F. Therefore, G harmonic minor has two flats (B♭, E♭) and F is raised to F♯.

What are the notes in G harmonic minor scale? ›

The notes of the G Harmonic Minor scale are G A Bb C D Eb F#. It's key signature has 2 flats. Press play to listen to the scale.

What is the rule for harmonic minor? ›

The harmonic minor scale follows the steps as: whole, half, whole, whole, half, whole + half, and half. The melodic minor scale follows the pattern: whole, half, whole, whole, whole, whole, and half.

What is the natural minor of G#? ›

The G-sharp natural minor scale starts on G♯ and has five notes that are automatically sharp. The notes of this scale are G♯ (G sharp), A♯ (A sharp), B, C♯ (C sharp), D♯ (D sharp), E, F♯ (F sharp), and G♯. (F double sharp, same as G), and G♯.

What is the G harmonic major scale? ›

The G harmonic major scale is a seven-note scale consisting of the notes G, A, B, C, D, E♭, and F♯. The scale corresponds to the G major scale with the sixth degree lowered a half step.

What is the formula for the harmonic minor scale? ›

The Harmonic Minor Scale Formula

The harmonic minor scale is like a natural minor scale with a raised seventh degree. It is identical to the natural minor scale except for the last note, which is normally a minor seventh scale degree. The formula for the harmonic minor scale is: Scale Degrees: 1-2-b3-4-5-b6-7-1.

What accidentals are in G harmonic minor? ›

The relative major key of G minor is B-flat major and the seventh note of G minor is F. Therefore, G harmonic minor has two flats (B♭, E♭) and F is raised to F♯.

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